One phrase rings true in solving the issues that face Gaia, systems theory. In Edmonson, we see the challenges of understanding a single lake and how hard it can be to fully understand one population of cyanobacteria. You have to look at their environment, its predators, the predator’s predators, and much more in the vast web of life. In Sze, we see the social complications and navigating the boundary between knowledge and power through politics. In Alaimo, wee see the big picture, the view of the geologic age known as the Anthropocene. Three different levels, each of their own importance.