A heavy reality, U.S settlement was hostile and reductive creating lasting impacts that are still experienced today. Immediate impacts of the U. S’s attempt to control fishery ground in 1945 exactly matched the settlers’ cruel intention: a stripping of sovereignty, a disheartening of community, and a dismantling of culture. Beyond that, however, resistance met these injustices, manifested in individuals like Billy Frank Jr who saw importance in communicating and preserving tradition and intergenerational messages like, “taking pride in their workmanship” (p 6). Responses that linger today deal with trauma and grief through tools like advocacy, patience, resilience, and informative juxtaposition.
May 15, 2018