Fig2 shows that Chinook populations on the West Coast increased relatively constantly from 1975-2015. Although it shows this increasing trend, predator populations have increased too, and it appears that predators may exceed their prey in the near future, taking a toll on killer whale populations. Results show that salmon populations have decreased recently, perhaps due to “reallocation from human harvest to marine mammal consumption”, despite salmon recovery projects from policy makers. Based on information primarily from “coded wire tags recovered from commercial and recreational fisheries” and bioenergetics models, scientists and policymakers work together to replenish populations of Chinook and predators.
Glissant writes that the postmodern world, no matter where it is or how strong the pulling forces are, “can hear the mounting desire to ‘give-on-and- with’, to discover order in chaos”. He discusses an “Other of thought”, in which one steps away from “the birth of their own history alone” to “break with the exclusivity of one’s continuum”. When I read this, I immediately thought of the desire I’ve had to completely drop everything and explore every nook and cranny of Earth, to try to make something out of the thousands of different cultures, customs, and natures in the world.
This week’s readings focus on areas that have been altered by human force, whether this is by contemporary politics, settlers, urbanization, climate change, or landscape reformation. Alaimo writes that the only way to seek restorative justice after such transformations is to engage in a “self-understanding as a species” and abandon our myopic viewpoint; Sze notes that we must abide by “co-equal goals” to find justice. The Muckleshoot article outlines dozens of recovery plans that could better the environment in theory, but have hit many obstacles concerning funding, pollution, habitat loss and salmon population diminishing, over-water structures and conflicting land use.
Raichlen notes that waves can be moving or stagnant boundaries. Strayer’s writing portrays a much more hardline sort of boundary; most boundaries are investigative or tangible, with few in between. For example, for a fish, the shoreline is a very “hard” boundary in which the water recedes and a fish can be trapped or killed in shoreline pools. In contrast, Sze’s writing outlines a boundary that is much more loosely and lightly defined; for example, the delta is shaped by other people’s desires and is a “social production of nature”. The delta brings together different political, social, and environmental viewpoints.
The world of danger, youth, and gangs written about by Rodriguez creates an entirely different realm, and with it comes a reality of danger, terror and survival. Rodriguez sheds light on an underground world of L.A. that many Americans have never thought about, will probably never experience, and, due to poverty, socioeconomic backgrounds, and family history, few can break out of. Rodriquez’s world is similar to Anzaldúa’s because both are vastly different than the world that one can see with the naked eye. Nepantla and the “’hood” life in L.A. are both representative of an “in-between space” that many overlook.
Perception is a necessary means of expression. I try to make my writing flow like a song, which Ortiz writes was the very beginning of experience, before expression. I try to write with an awareness and understanding of the subject matter, although sometimes this can be difficult. With Moore’s poems, perceiving is difficult and can take multiple read-throughs before one can analyze her writing. Even then, everyone’s perceptions can be different. I’ll try not to kid myself and pretend I’m an English major, but I do believe in supporting one’s claims and perceptions with evidence in the form of expression.